Hyperpigmentation is a medical term used to describe darker skin spots. These spots are the result of excess melanin production, which can be caused by factors such as acne scars, sun damage or hormonal fluctuations.
1. Depigmenting creams
Depigmenting creams work with selected ingredients to help decrease pigmentation. Many of these creams are available in stronger prescription forms. Usually, they are applied once or twice and the results are appreciated over time. Topical treatments to clarify also come in gel form.
Common ingredients found in OTC clarification products include:
- Licorice Extract
- Vitamin B-3 (Niacinamide)
For whom is depigmenting cream indicated?
Depigmenting creams or gels work best for melasma spots or age spots.
2. Facial peeling
Facial scrubs work by exfoliating or removing the superficial layer of the skin. The medical chemical peel is made in consultation with more aggressive products adapted to the needs of each patient.
It is useful for all types of hyperpigmentation since the aesthetic doctor / dermatologist will adapt the formula to the patient’s requirements.
If you sunbathe regularly, chemical peels may not be the best treatment option as they will make the skin more sensitive to sunlight. If sunscreen is not properly applied, the sun can make your condition worse. You should take extra precautions for at least one week after your last chemical scrub.
Who should use chemical facial peeling? Patients who have:
- Age spots
- Sun damage
3. Laser peeling
A laser exfoliation treatment uses specific light beams to reduce hyperpigmentation.
There are two types of lasers: ablative and non-ablative. Ablative lasers are the most intense and involve the removal of layers of the skin. Non-ablative procedures, on the other hand, point to the dermis to promote collagen stimulation.
Ablative lasers are stronger and can cause more side effects. Both destroy skin cells to ensure that new skin cells grow back healthy.
Microdermabrasion is a procedure that is performed in consultation to treat hyperpigmentation and affects only the epidermis (superficial scarring).
During the procedure, a drill-like hand tool with a wire brush or other abrasive accessory is used. The tool slides through the skin to remove the epidermis quickly and with great care. You may need several sessions to achieve the ideal result.
Who should try Microdermabrasion?
Microdermabrasion works best on superficial scars. The dermatologist will determine after assessment if this treatment is appropriate for your case.
Talk to Dr. Sergiu Vieru
Dr. Sergiu Vieru is an aesthetic doctor and dermatologist and will help you identify the cause of your hyperpigmentation and work to develop an appropriate and personalized treatment plan.
Finally, no matter which treatment you ultimately choose, it is very important to protect the skin from additional sun damage and hyperpigmentation. Wearing sunscreen every day is essential. You should apply sunscreen every morning, even when it is cloudy! – and reapply as necessary throughout the day. Be sure to use a sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher